Every city has a distinct personality which affects the lives of those living in them for good or bad. If a city is busy and bustling, it heightens the stress levels of its population, and if a city has a more tranquil vibe, its occupants are likely to enjoy a more relaxed life.
So, which are the most relaxing and most stressful cities in the world?
We analyzed 46 cities around the world to find out which is the most relaxing to live in. How do we decide what a relaxing city is? Each city is ranked based on how well they perform across ten distinct data points related to relaxation and stress.
If you’re curious about our research process, check out the methodology at the bottom of the page.
To access the data in the table below simply click on the downward triangle to select between each of our scoring categories. By default the table is ordered by the scoring average, which takes all categories into account and averages them to give our final score.
Each data point uses the latest data available from trusted sources. The data has been standardized using minmax normalization and weighted averages.
Normalization results in a score between 0 and 10 for each category and each city is then ranked based on their overall average score.
Weighted averages have been incorporated to give more value to environmental, wellbeing and relaxation factors, with less weight given to the temperature categories.
All data points apart from the average annual working hours relate directly to city-level specific data.
• Score average – an average of all category scores.
• Average temperature – the average temperature across each location over the course of a year.
• Days of rain – the average number of days it rained over the course of a year.
• Sunshine hours – the number of sunshine hours in each location over the course of a year.
• Air quality – the air quality per location as reported by Numbeo.
• Green space – the quality and availability of parks and greenspaces reported by Numbeo.
• Number of spas per city – the number of spa locations as reported by TripAdvisor.
• Average spa rating – the average spa ratings per location based on the Google Places API data.
• Spas per 100,000 – the number of spas in each location per 100,000 people.
• Average annual working hours – the average number of working hours by country.
• Population density – the number of people per square kilometer of each location.
You can view our data, methodology and sources here.